Spanish Made Easy - today's lesson: Expressions with Tener..
Enjoy your free Spanish lesson covering Expressions with Tener .
The verb 'tener' means 'to have'.
However, when used in expressions, it can be translated as 'to be'.
tener hambre means to be hungry (or literally, 'to have hunger')
Tener is conjugated in the present tense as follows:
- yo tengo - I am (I have)
- tu tienes - you are (you have)
- él, ella, es tiene - he, she, it is (he, she, it has)
- Usted tiene - You (formal singular) are
- vosotros tienéis - you (informal plural) are (you have)
- nosotros tenemos - we are (we have)
- ellos, ellas tienen - they are (they have)
- Ustedes tienen - You (formal plural) are (you have)
To form expressions with tener, the correct form of the verb tener is used together with the word describing the 'condition'. Using the example 'tener hambre
- tengo hambre - I am hungry (I have hunger)
- tienes hambre - you are hungry (you have hunger)
- tiene hambre - he, she, it is hungry (he, she, it has hunger)
- tiene hambre - You (formal singular) are hungry (you have hunger)
- tienéis hambre - you (informal plural) are hungry (you have hunger)
- tenemos hambre - we are hungry (we have hunger)
- tienen hambre - they are hungry (they have hunger)
- tienen hambre - You (formal plural) are hungry (you have (hunger)
Remember that the personal pronouns are often dropped in everyday speech. The verb is used to indicate who or what is being spoken about.
tengo hambre - you can deduce from the verb form (tengo) that the person referred to is 'I'.
To add emphasis, use the words mucho or mucha to mean ‘very’. :
- Tengo mucho hambre. – I'm very hungry.(el hambre ... mucho)
- Tengo mucha prisa. - I'm in a great hurry.(la prisa ... mucha)
Here are some other expressions with tener:
- tener ... años - to be .... years old
- tengo cinco años – I am five years old
- tener calor - to be hot
- tengo calor – I am hot
- tener frío - to be cold
- tengo frío – I am cold
- tener miedo - to be scared, frightened
- tengo miedo – I am scared
- tener sed - to be thirsty
- tengo sed – I am thirsty
- tener prisa - to be in a hurry
- tengo prisa – I am in a hurry
- tener sueño - to be tired, sleepy
- tengo sueño – I am sleepy
- tener suerte - to be lucky
- tengo suerte – I am lucky
- tener éxito - to be successful
- tengo éxito – I am successful
- tener ganas de - to want to, have the desire to
- tengo ganas de (+ verb) (e.g. ir al cine) – I want to (e.g. go to town)
- tener que - to have to
- tengo que (+ verb) – I have to …
- tener lugar - to take place
- el partido tiene lugar esta tarde – the match takes place this afternoon
- tener razón - to be right
- tengo razón – I am right
Test yourself, and see how well you can memorize them.
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