Information on Cuba


Learn Spanish in Cuba

Cuba could be an interesting place to learn Spanish, but access can be difficult for some nationalities.

Total immersion is one of the best ways to boost your progress when you learn a language, especially if combined with:

  a good grammar learning system,(see on the Grammar pages on this site...

  vocabulary learning system (if you are not learning 200 words a day you are using an outdated system)

. . .take only a few days to concentrate on rapidly building your Spanish vocab before you launch off!

  . . . and an onsite course with a good language teacher.

For more information on how to learn Spanish in Cuba click on the link.

Learn Spanish in Cuba!

Background information on Cuba

Ruled by the dictator Fidel Castro since 1959. Cuba and the Soviet Union exported the Cuban Communist revolution throughout Africa and Latin America from the 1960’s through to the 1980s.

Geography information on Cuba

Location: Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 kilometres south of Florida.

Latitude & Longitude: : 21 30 North, 80 00 West

Total: 110,800 square kilometres Water: 0 square kilometres Land: 110,800 square kilometres

Land boundaries:
29 kilometres
Neighbouring Countries: Guantanamo Bay US Base of US Navy - 29 kilometres.Guantanamo Bay Navy Base is leased by the United States.

Coastline : 3,735 kilometres

Maritime claims : exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate information on : tropical; with trade winds off the sea; dry season runs from November through April, the rainy season runs from May through October.

Terrain : mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the interior to the southeast of the country.

Elevation highs & lows :
lowest elevation: Caribbean Sea at sea level
highest elevation: Pico Turquino 2,005 metres

Natural resources : cobalt, nickel mining, iron ore mining, copper mining, manganese, salt, lumber , silica, petroleum & petroleum products, arable land.

Land use : cultivated land: 33% other: 59% (1998 estimate)
cropping land: 7%

Irrigated land : 870 square kilometres (1998 estimate)

Natural hazards : the east coast is subject to hurricanes from the months of August through October - averaging one every two years, causing considerable damage; droughts

Geography - note: Largest landmass in the Caribbean Sea and furthest west island of the Greater Antilles archipeligo.

People information on Cuba

Total population: 11,263,000

Age Distribution:
under age 14 yrs: 20%
between 15 & 64 yrs: 69%
age 65+: 10%

Median age:
Total: 34 years
male: 33 years
female: 35 years (2002)

Rate of Growth of Population: 0% (2003 estimate)

Birth Rate: 11 births per thousand population (2003 estimate)
Mortality rate: 7 deaths per thousand (2003 estimate)

Rate of Net Migration: -1 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Rate of Infant Mortality:
Total: 7 deaths per thousand live births
female: 6 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate)
male: 8 deaths per thousand live births

Life Expectancy:
Total population: 76 years
male: 74 years
female: 79 years (2003 estimate)

Name given to People: Cuban

Racial groupings: : mulatto 51%, white 37%, black of African descent 11%, Chinese 1%

Religious groupings :Roman Catholic 85%

Languages: Spanish

Literacy: : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
female: 96% (2003 estimate)
male: 97%
Total population: 97%

Government Cuba

Republic of Cuba - Republica de Cuba

System of Government : Communist state

Capital City: Havana

Independence: 20 May 1902
from Spain 10 December 1898
United States administration from 1898 to 1902.

National holiday: Date of Independence 10 December (1898)
10 December 1898 independence from Spain
20 May 1902 independence from US
Rebellion Day, 26 July (1953).

Constitution: 24 February 1976, amended 1992 and 2002

Legal & Law System: - Cuba: based on Spanish and American law, and Communist legalese

Voting system: universal at 16 years of age.

Head of State : President

Cabinet of country: Council of Ministers appointed by the president of the Council of State.

Economy Cuba

GDP: - $USD25 billion (2002 estimate)
GDP growth rate: 0% (2002 estimate)
GDP per head of population: $USD2,300 (2002 estimate)

GDP make-up by sector: agriculture sector : 7%
industrial sector: 34%
service sector: 57% (2000 estimate)

Inflation rate: 7% (2002 estimate)

Labour force: 4 million

revenues: $USD14 billion
expenditures: $USD15 billion

Industries: sugar-cane & sugar processing, petroleum, tobacco, chemicals, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, biotechnological development

Exports: $USD1 billion (2002 estimate)

Exports - partners: Holland 22%, Russia 13%, Canada 13%, Spain 7%, China 6%

Imports: $USD4 billion
Imports - partners: Spain 12%, France 6%, Canada 5%, China 5%, Italy 5% (2001)

Debt - external: $USD30 billion

Currency: Cuban peso (CUP)

Currency code: CUP

Communications information on Cuba

Telephones - main lines 480,000

Radio Stations : AM 169, FM 55, SW 1 (1998)

TV Stations : 58 (1997)

Internet Code : .cu

Transportation information on Cuba

Railways : Total: 3,442 kilometres

Roading : Total: 60,800 kilometres paved roading: 29,800 kilometres (including 640 kilometres of motorway)unpaved roading: 31,000 kilometres (1997)

Navigable Waterways : 240 kilometres

Commercial Harbours/Ports : Cienfuegos, Havana, Mariel, Matanzas, Manzanillo, Nuevitas, Santiago de Cuba

Airports-Aerodromes : 161 (2002)

Military information on Cuba

Military groupings & departments :
Army, Navy (MGR), Air and Air Defense Force, Militia Troops - Territorial (MTT), Youth Labour Army (EJT); Border Guard Troops (TGF)

Military Spending - percent of GDP: roughly 4% (FY95 estimate)

International Issues information on Cuba

Disputes - international: US Navy Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US.

Flag of Cuba

Click here for the Flag of Cuba and its history, information and facts.

Map of Cuba

Click here for the Map of Cuba and its history and facts.

History of Cuba

Click here for the History of Cuba and historical facts.

Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .

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