Peru - all you need to know. Info and facts.


With it's archaeological sites, stunning views & scenery and sandy beaches, Peru is a fantastic place to learn Spanish! Like much of Latin America it is very reasonably priced also.

At some stage in your learning of Spanish language you should involve a period of Total immersion. This is a very important phase of any strategy when you learn a language. It is especially valuable when combined with:

  a rapid-learning vocabulary learning system which, using modern methods should be helping you learn Spanish vocabulary at the rate of 200 words a day or more.

With such systems you can quickly learn the 1,000 most common words of Spanish in just a few days. So a quick and thorough, focussed learning session will give you a basic tool-box of Spanish vocab and Spanish phrases before you launch off on your language learning venture to Peru.

  . . . You also need a good phrase book, and/or a language learning course book, and

  . . . you should take an onsite course somewhere with a good teacher.

  . . .There are also many good software programmes with pronunciation tutors etc.

  a sound and methodical grammar learning system so that you can build up understanding on all those, rules, quirks and the structural make-up of Spanish.

But enough of that you can get more information on how to learn Spanish in Peru by clicking on the link.

Learn Spanish in Peru! Now enjoy the few hundred fun facts for you to know before you scoot off to South America to learn Spanish.

Information on Peru

The Incas’ empire was conquered by Spanish conquistadors in 1533.

Peru gained independence in 1821, and the remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824.

The country returned to democracy in 1980.

Geographical information

Geographical Position: Western South America, beside South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Latitude & Longitude: : 10 deg 00 South, 76 deg 00 West

Total Area of country: Total: 1,285,220 square kilometres
Water: 5,220 square kilometres
Land: 1 million square kilometres

Land border lengths: Total: 5,535 kilometres
Neighbouring Countries: Bolivia 900 kilometres, Brazil 1,560 kilometres, Chile 160 kilometres, Colombia 1,495 kilometres, Ecuador 1,420 kilometres

Length of Coast: 2,400 kilometres

Climate informationTopical in east. Dry desert in west. Temperate to cold in Andes Mountains.

Terrain Features: western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes Mountains in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

Elevation highs & lows: lowest elevation: Pacific Ocean at sea level
highest elevation: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 metres

Country’s Natural resources: copper mining, silver mining, gold mining, petroleum, lumber , fisheries, iron ore, coal, phosphate mining, potash, hydroelectric power, natural gas

Land use:
cultivated land:
cropping land: 0%
other: 96% (1998 estimate)
Irrigated land: 11,950 square kilometres
(1998 estimate)
Natural hazards: earthquakes, tidal waves, flooding, land and rockslides, volcanic activity.

Geographical note:Shares control of Lake Titicaca with Bolivia;

People information on Peru

Population: 28,400,000 (July 2003 estimates)
Age Distribution: under age 14 yrs: 33%
between 15 & 64 yrs: 61%
age 65+: 5% (2003 estimates)
Median age:
Total: 23 years male: 23 years
female: 23 years (2002)

Rate of Growth of Population: - Peru: 1% (2003 estimate)
Birth rate: 22 births per thousand population (2003 estimate)
Mortality rate: 5 deaths per thousand (2003 estimates)
Rate of Net Migration: -1 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)
Infant mortality rate Total: 36 deaths per thousand live births female: 31 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimates)
male: 42 deaths per thousand live births

Life Expectancy: Total population: 70 years male: 68 years
female: 73 years (2003 estimate)

Racial groupings: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European-white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese and other 3%.

Religions: Roman Catholic 90%

Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara

Literacy: : definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 90% male: 95% female: 86% (2003 estimate)

Government information

Republica del Peru

System of Government : constitutional republic

Capital: Lima

Independence: 28 July 1821

National holiday: Date of Independence 28 July 1821

Constitution: 31 December 1993.

Legal & Law System: : System of Civil law.

Voting systemUniversal vote at 18 years of age

Head of State Election system: President elected by vote for 5 year term

Economy information on Peru

Gross Domestic Product: - $USD132 billion (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product growth rate: 4% (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product per head of population: - $USD4,800 (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product make-up by sector:
agriculture sector : 10%
industrial sector: 27%
service sector: 63% (2001 estimate)
Population below level of poverty: 50% (2000 estimate)
Household % income:
lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 35% (1996)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0% (2002 estimate)
Labour force: 7 million (2000 estimate)
Unemployment rate - Peru: 9%

Budget Figures:
revenues: $USD10 billion expenditures: $USD10 billion

Exports: $USD7 billion (2002 estimate)
Exports - partners: United States 25%, Switzerland 8%, China 6%, Japan 5%, United Kingdom, Chile, Brazil (2001)

Imports - Peru: $USD7 billion (2002 estimate)
Import partners: United States 23%, Chile 8%, Venezuela 5%, Colombia 5%, Spain, Brazil, Japan (2001)

Currency: nuevo sol (PEN)

Currency code: PEN

Communications information

Telephones - main lines in use: 1 million (2000)

Radio Stations: AM 472, FM 198, SW 189

TV Stations: 13

Internet Code : .pe

Transport, Travel and Tourism Peru

Railways: Total: 1,829 kilometres

Roading : Total: 72,900 kilometres
paved roading: 8,700 kilometres
unpaved roading: 64,200 kilometres
(1999 estimate)
Navigable Waterways : 8,800 kilometres

Pipeline Distances : crude oil 800 kilometres; natural gas and natural gas liquids 64 kilometres

Commercial Harbours/Ports - Peru: Puerto Callao, Puerto Chimbote, Puerto Ilo, Puerto Matarani, Paita, Puerto Maldonado, Puerto Salaverry, San Martin, Talara, Iquitos, Puerto Pucallpa, Yurimaguas

Airports-Aerodromes : 233 (2002)

Military information

Military groupings & departments - Peruvian Army, Navy including Naval Air, Marines, Coast Guard, Pervuian Air Force, National Police.

Military Spending $USD1 billion (Fiscal Year01) Military Spending - percent of Gross Domestic Product: 1% (Fiscal Year01)

International Issues

Disputes: Bolivia continues to press Chile and Peru to restore the Atacama corridor ceded to Chile in 1884 .

Peruvian Flag

Click here for the Flag of Peru and its history, information and facts.

Map of the country

Click here for the Map of Peru and its history and facts.


Click here for the Peru Historical facts and historical facts.

Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .

Andorra | Argentina | Belize | Bolivia | Colombia | Chile | Costa Rica | Cuba | Dominican Republic | Ecuador | El Salvador | Gibraltar | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Puerto Rico | Spain | Uruguay | Venezuela |

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