Information on El Salvador. Facts, stats & figures.

El Salvador is a very interesting place to learn Spanish.

Total immersion can be a very effective way to learn a language, and should be a part of any Spanish learning strategy, at some point. It allows you to hear, see and feel the language in action and understand the nuances and context of usage.

Immersion is most effective when linked with:

  a good grammar teaching system,(see on the Spanish Grammar pages on this Learn Spanish Helpwebsite...)

  speedy Spanish vocabulary learning system. You should be learning Spanish words at 200 words a day if you are using the right systems.

. . .in just a few days you can build a solid Spanish vocab base - before you launch off to a Spanish speaking country like El Salvador!

  . . .you need a good onsite course with a good Spanish teacher.

For more information on how to learn Spanish in El Salvador at some of the local Spanish schools there just click on the link.

Learn Spanish in El Salvador!

Here are a few hundred fun facts for you to swat up on before you scoot off to Central America to learn Spanish.

Information on El Salvador

In 1821 the country achieved independence from the Empire of Spain. Indepedence from the Central American Federation came in 1839.

This very densely populated country endured a disastrous twelve year civil war, which left over 75,000 dead and which only came to an end in 1992 when the government and rebel forces signed a treaty providing for military and political reforms.

Severe deforestation and erosion have destroyed much of the natural landscapes. Earthquakes have wreaked havoc in recent years.

El Salvadoran Geography

Geographical Position: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

Latitude & Longitude: : 13 degrees 50’ Norht, 88 degrees 55’ West

Area :
Total: 21,040 square kilometres
Water: 320 square kilometres
Land: 20,720 square kilometres

Land border lengths: Total: 545 kilometres Neighbouring Countries: Guatemala 203 kilometres, Honduras 342 kilometres

Length of Coast:307 kilometres

Climatic Characteristics: Tropical with the rainy season from May through to October; and the dry season from November through to April. Temperate, cooler climate in highlands inland.

Terrain Features: Mountainous country with a coastal belt and plateauland in the centre.

Elevation highs & lows:
lowest elevation: Pacific Ocean at sea level
highest elevation: Cerro El Pital 2,700 metres

Country’s Natural resources:
Hydroelectric power, geothermal electric power, petroleum, arable farming & cropping land.

Land use:
cultivated land: 27%
cropping land: 12%
other: 60% (1998 estimate)

Irrigated land: 360 square kilometres.

Natural geographical risks: El Salvador is called ‘Land of Volcanoes’; numerous destructive earthquakes and regular volcanic activity; highly vulnerable to frequent hurricanes.

People information on El Salvador

Population: 6,480,000

Age Distribution:
under age 14 yrs: 37%
between 15 & 64 yrs: 57%
age 65+: 6% (2003 estimate)

Median age:
Total: 21 years
male: 20 years
female: 22 years (2002)

Population rate growth: 1% (2003 estimate)

Birth Rate: 27 births per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Mortality Rate: 6 deaths per thousand (2003 estimate)

Rate of Net Migration: -3 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Infant mortality rate:
Total: 26 deaths per thousand live births
female: 23 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate)
male: 29 deaths per thousand live births

Life Expectancy:
Total population: 70 years
male: 67 years
female: 74 years (2003 estimate)

Name given to People: Salvadoran

Racial groupings:Mestizo 90% (Mixed Amerindian & European), Amerindian 1%, European 9%

Religions: Roman Catholic 83%

Languages: Spanish, Nahua

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 80%
male: 82%
female: 77% (2003 estimate)

Government information

Republica de El Salvador

System of Government : Republic

Capital City: San Salvador

Independence: 15 September 1821

National holiday: Date of Independence 15 September

Constitution: 23 December 1983

Legal & Law System: : based on civil and Roman law

Voting system: : Suffrage universal at 18 years of age.

Head of State : President who is the Head of State and of government.

Cabinet of country: Council of Ministers selected by the president Election system: elected popular vote for 5 year terms.

Economy information

A weak economy badly affected by many natural disasters.

GDP: - $USD30 billion (2002 estimate)

GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2002 estimate)

GDP - per capita: - $USD4,700 (2002 estimate)

GDP make-up by sector:
agriculture sector : 10%
industrial sector: 30%
service sector: 60%

Population below level of poverty: 48% (1999 estimate)

Household % income:
lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 39% (2001)

Inflation rate:
3% (2001 estimate)

Labour force 2 million (1999)
Labour force - by occupation:
agriculture sector 30%industry 15%services 55%

Unemployment rate:
11% with considerable underemployment.

Budget El Salvador: revenues: $USD2 billion
expenditures: $USD2 billion

food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemical processing, fertilizer, apparel, textiles, clothing, furniture, metalworking.

Industrial production growth rate:
3% (2002 estimate)

Exports $USD3 billion

Exports - partners: US 65%, Guatemala 11%, Honduras 8%, EU 5% (2000)

Imports : $USD4 billion (2002)

Imports - partners: US 50%, Guatemala 10%, EU 7%, Mexico 5% (2000)

Debt - external:
$USD5 billion

Economic aid - recipient: total $USD250 million; $USD58 million from United States

Currency: US dollar (USD)

Currency code: USD

Communications information on El Salvador


Radio broadcast stations: AM 61, FM 30Television broadcast stations: 5

Internet Code : .sv

Transport & Travel information on El Salvador

Railways :
Total: 280 kilometres

Roading : Total: 10,000 kilometres paved roading: 2,000 kilometres (including 330 kilometres of motorway) unpaved roading: 8,000 kilometres

Commercial Harbours/Ports : Puerto Acajutla, Cutuco, La Libertad, Puerto La Union, Puerto El Triunfo

Airports-Aerodromes : 80

Military El Salvador

Military groupings & departments : Air Force, Army, Navy

International Issues El Salvador

Border disputes with Honduras.

Flag of El Salvador

Click here for the Flag of El Salvador and its history, information and facts.

Map of El Salvador

Click here for the Map of El Salvador and its history and facts.

History of El Salvador

Click here for the History of El Salvador and historical facts.

Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .

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