Spain. Lots of information & facts.

 
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Learn Spanish in Spain

Spain is the ideal place to learn Spanish. It has everything! Sun, mountains and beaches and lots of Spanish speaking!

In fact many different varieties of Spanish – plus the use of the ‘vosotros’ form on ‘you’ address which is not used in Latin America but important for the student of Spanish who wants to fully understand and appreciate Spanish literature and writings.

Total immersion is a very important part of improving your Spanish language learning and it’s important to incorporate a good thorough period of total immersion at some point in your language learning plans.

Immersion is especially valuable if you combine it with:

  an accelerated learning vocabulary learning system learning Spanish vocab at 200 words a day you are using an outdated system)

. . .take a few days to catch up on the vocab before you set off!

  . . . and an onsite course with a good teacher. See some of the Spanish language schools in the list.

  a decent system for learning grammar,

  a good pc course ,

  a good grammar learning system.

For more information on how to learn Spanish in Spain click on the link.

Learn Spanish in Spain!

Information on Spain and History

In the 16th and 17th centuries Spain had a powerful world empire conquering most of South America.

England eventually gained control of the oceans.

Spain did not embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions and then lagged behind Britain, Germany, France in economic, industrial, exporting, political and military power.

Neutral in the First and Second World Wars, a devastating civil war took place from 1936 to 1939.

Joining the European Union in 1986 has allowed Spain to catch up in economic terms.

Geography Spain

Geographical Position: Southwestern Europe, Bay of Biscay to the north, Mediterranean Sea to south, North Atlantic Ocean to the west and Canaries, bordering France is the Pyrenees Mountains.

Latitude & Longitude: : 40 00 N, 4 00 W

Area Total: 504,782 square kilometres
Water area: 5,240 square kilometres
Land area: 499,542 square kilometres

Land border lengths: Total: 1,917 kilometres
Neighbouring Countries: Andorra 63 kilometres, France 623 kilometres, Gibraltar 1 kilometres, Portugal 1,214 kilometres, Morocco (Ceuta) 6 kilometres, Morocco (Melilla) 9 kilometres

Length of Coast: 4,964 kilometres

Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM exclusive economic zone: 200 NM (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean) territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate information on Spain: temperate; hot summers inland; moderate, sunny, warm and cloudy on coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior. cool winters on the coast, warm in south.

Terrain Features: large plateau and rocky hills; Pyrenees mountains northeast

Elevation highs & lows: lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean at sea level
highest elevation: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Islas Canarias 3,718 metres

Country’s Natural resources: coal mining, lignite, iron ore mining, uranium mining, mercury, zinc ore, lead, tungsten, copper mining, kaolin, potash, hydroelectric power, arable land

Land use:
cultivated land: 28%
cropping land: 9%
other: 61% (1998 estimate)
Irrigated land: 36,400 square kilometres
(1998 estimate)
Natural hazards droughts

People information on Spain

Total Population: 40,217,000 (July 2003 estimate)
Age Distribution: under age 14 yrs: 14% (male 2,985,705; female 2,808,791)
between 15 & 64 yrs: 68% (male 13,700,000; female 13,000,000)
age 65+: 17% (male 2,900,00; female 4,100,000) (2003 estimate)
Median age:
Total: 38 years male: 37 years
female: 40 years (2002)

Population rate growth: 0% (2003 estimate)
Birth Rate: 10 births per thousand population (2003 estimate)
Mortality rate: 9 deaths per thousand (2003 estimate)
Rate of Net Migration: 0 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)
Rate of Infant Mortality: Total: 4 deaths per thousand live births female: 4 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate)
male: 4 deaths per thousand live births

Life Expectancy: total population: 79 years male: 75 years
female: 82 years (2003 estimate)

Racial groupings: Mediterranean and European

Religions Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%

Languages: Castillano Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galiciano 7%, Vasco - Basque 2%

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 97% male: 98% female: 97% (2003 estimate)

Government information on Spain

Kingdom of Spain

System of Government -Parliamentary Monarchy.

Capital: Madrid

Independence: Moors - Moslems occupied in early 700’s AD for 700 years.Christians of the north countered during the period and in 1492 wrested control with the capture of Granada, unifying several kingdoms to what is now Spain

National holiday: Hispanic Day, 12 October

Constitution: 6 December 1978, effective 29 December 1978

Legal & Law System: : Spanish Civil Law; different regions have their own laws and applications.

Voting systemUniversal at 18 years

Head of State President.

Cabinet of country: Council of Ministers chosen by president Election system:hereditary Monarhcy;

Economy Spain

Unemployment still high at 11%.

Gross Domestic Product: - $USD828 billion (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product growth rate: 2% (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product per head of population: - $USD : 20,700 (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product make-up by sector:
agriculture sector : 4%
industrial sector: 31%
service sector: 65% (2000 estimate)
Household % income:
lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 25% (1990)

Labour force: 17 million (2001)

Labour force - by occupation: services 64%, manufacturing, mining, and construction 29%, agriculture 7% (2001 estimate)
Unemployment rate: 11% (2002 estimate)
Budget revenues: $USD 105 billion expenditures: $USD109 billion

Exports : $USD : 122 billion (2002 estimate)
Exports - partners: EU 71% (France 19%, Germany 11%, Portugal 10%, Italy 9%, United Kingdom 8%), Latin America 6%, United States 4%, (2000)

Imports : $USD156 billion (2002 estimate)
Import partners: EU 63% (France 16%, Germany 15%, Italy 9%, Benelux 7%, United Kingdom 7%), OPEC 7%, United States 4%, Japan 2%, Latin America 4% (2000)

Currency : euro – EUR.

Communications Spain

Radio Stations AM 208, FM 715, shortwave 1 (1998)

TV Stations 224 (plus 2,105 repeaters) note: these figures include 11 television broadcast stations and 88 repeaters in the Canary Islands (1995)

Internet Code .es

Transport, Travel to Spain & Tourism

Railways Total: 14,100 kilometres

Roading Total: 347,000 kilometres
paved roading: 343,500 kilometres
(includes 9,000 kilometres
of freeway/motorways) unpaved roading: 3,500 kilometres
(1997)

Navigable Waterways 1,045 kilometres

Pipeline Distances crude oil 265 kilometres; petroleum & petroleum by-products 1,800 kilometres; natural gas 1,700 kilometres

Commercial Harbours/Ports Puerto Aviles, Puerto Bilbao, Barcelona, Cadiz, Cartagena, Castellon de la Plana, Puerto Ceuta, Huelva, La Coruña, Las Palmas – Islas de Canarias, Malaga, Melilla, Pasajes, Puerto Gijon, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Islas de Canarias, Santander, Tarragona, Perto Vigo, Puerto Valencia,

Airports-Aerodromes 152 (2002)

Spanish Military information

Military groupings & departments - Spanish Army, Spanish Air Force, Spanish Marines, Spanish Navy Armada, Guardia Civil, National Police, Civil Coast Guard

Military Spending - dollar figure: $USD8 billion (2002)

Military Spending - percent of Gross Domestic Product: 1% (2002)

International Issues Spain

Gibraltans rejected "total shared sovereignty" arrangement between Spain and United Kingdom.

Morocco claims Ceuta, Melilla, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas.

Portugal claims area around Olivenza, Spain.

Spanish Flag

Click here for the Spanish Flag and its history, information and facts.

Maps of Spain

Click here for the Spanish Map and its history and facts.

Spanish History

Click here for the History of Spain and historical facts.

Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .


Andorra | Argentina | Belize | Bolivia | Colombia | Chile | Costa Rica | Cuba | Dominican Republic | Ecuador | El Salvador | Gibraltar | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Peru | Puerto Rico | Uruguay | Venezuela |



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