Information on Honduras, Central America

 
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Learn Spanish in Honduras, Central America!

Honduras is a beautiful country and is a perfect place to learn Spanish.

Total immersion is the best way to learn a language, especially if combined with:

  a good grammar learning system,(see on the Grammar pages on this site...

  vocabulary learning system (if you are not learning 200 words a day you are using an outdated system)

. . .take a few days to bone up on the vocab before you launch off!

  . . . and an onsite course with a good teacher.

For more information on how to learn Spanish in Honduras click on the link.
Learn Spanish in Honduras!
Learn Spanish in Honduras, Central America.

This is an interesting place to learn Spanish.


Here are a few hundred fun facts for you to swat up on before you scoot off to Central America to learn Spanish.

Honduras - Brief overview

Honduras gained independence from Spain’s global empire in 1821.

Predominantly military governments ruled for some decades after World War II but a democratically elected civilian government took power in 1982 in free elections.

This Central American Republic provided a haven for anti-Sandinista contras during the 1980’s battling against the Nicaraguan Marxist Government. Periodically hurricanes cause considerable damage and destruction.

Geography information on Honduras

Geographical Position: Central America, on the Caribbean Sea, between Nicaragua and Guatemala. Also borders the North Pacific Ocean on the Gulf of Fonseca, between Nicaragua and El Salvador.

Latitude & Longitude: : 15 degress 00’ North, 86 degrees 30’ West.

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
Total: 112,100 square kilometres
Land: 111,900 square kilometres
Water: 200 square kilometres

Land border lengths: Total: 1,520 kilometres
Neighbouring Countries: Guatemala 256 kilometres, El Salvador 342 kilometres, Nicaragua 922 kilometres

Length of Coast: 820 kilometres

Climatic Characteristics: subtropical climate in low lying areas, temperate, cool in highlands

Terrain Features: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

Elevation highs & lows: lowest elevation: Caribbean Sea at sea level
highest elevation: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 metres

Country’s Natural resources: timber, lumber, gold mining, silver mining, copper mining, lead mining, zinc mining, iron ore mining, antimony mining, coal mining, fisheries, hydroelectric power

Land use:
cultivated land: 15%
cropping land: 3%
other: 81% (1998 estimate)
Irrigated land: 760 square kilometres
(1998 estimate)
Natural geographical risks: frequent earthquakes; subject to hurricanes and flooding along the Caribbean coast

People information on Honduras

Total Population: 6,670,000

Age Distribution: under age 14 yrs: 41%
between 15 & 64 yrs: 54%
age 65+: 3% (2003 estimate)
Median age:
Total: 18 years male: 18 years
female: 19 years (2002)

Population rate growth: 2% (2003 estimate)

Birth Rate: 31 births per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Mortality Rate: 6 deaths per thousand (2003 estimate)
Rate of Net Migration: -2 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Infant mortality rate: Total: 29 deaths per thousand live births

female: 26 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate)
male: 33 deaths per thousand live births.

Life Expectancy: Total population: 66 years
male: 65 years
female: 68 years (2003 estimate)
Name of Citizen: Honduran

Racial groupings: Mestizo (mixed European Amerindian) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white/European 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant minority

Languages: Spanish, Amerindian languages

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 76% male: 76% female: 76% (2003 estimate)

Government Honduras

Country name: Republic of Honduras - Republica de Honduras

System of Government : Constitutional Democratic Republic.

Capital City: Tegucigalpa

Independence: 15 September 1821

National holiday: Date of Independence 15 September 1821

Constitution: 11 January 1982 but it was amended in 1995.

Legal & Law System: : based on Roman & Spanish civil law and some English common law.

Voting system:Universal vote at 18 years of age.

Head of State: President who is both the Head of State and Head of Government

Cabinet of country: Cabinet is appointed by the President.

Election system: President voted in for a four-year term.

Honduran Economy information

Honduras is one of the most impoverished countries in the Western Hemisphere. Highly imbalanced distribution of income. Is hopeful of improvement in its lot with the implementation of the policies of the Enhanced Caribbean Basin Initiative and on debt forgiveness/reduction plans of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) agreement.

Very depenedent on the United States economy, on raw commodity markets and their vulnerable and volatile swings, in particular the coffee market on which there is considerable dependency.

Gross Domestic Product: $USD17 billion (2002 estimate)

Gross Domestic Product real growth rate: 2% (2002 estimate)

Gross Domestic Product per capita:
- $USD2,600 (2002 estimate)

Gross Domestic Product make-up by sector:
agriculture sector : 14%

industrial sector: 32%

service sector: 54% (2002 estimate)
Population below level of poverty: 53% (1993 estimate)
Household % income:
lowest 10%: 0%
highest 10%: 42% (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7% (2002 estimate)

Labour force : 2 million (1997 estimate)
Labour force by occupation:
agriculture sector 34%, industry 21%, services 45% (2001 estimate)
Unemployment rate: 28% (2002 estimate)

Budget Figures:
revenues: $USD610 million expenditures: $USD410 million, including capital spending of $USD105 million (1999 estimate)
Industries:
sugar, coffee, textiles, apparel, clothing, timber, lumber, wood products.

Exports: $USD1 billion (2002 estimate)
Exports: raw commodities: coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster, meat, zinc mining, lumber (2000)

Exporting partners: United States 45%, El Salvador 10%, Guatemala 9%, Belgium 4%, Germany 4% (2001) Imports : $USD2 billion (2002 estimate)
Imports machinery, construction and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuel, processed foods (2000)

Import partners: United States 46%, Guatemala 9%, El Salvador 6%, Mexico 4%, Costa Rica 3% (2001) Debt - external: $USD5 billion (2002)

Economic aid - recipient: $USD557 million (1999)

Currency: lempira (HNL)

Currency code: HNL

Honduran Communications

Telephones - 260,000Radio broadcast stations: AM 241, FM 53, shortwave 12 (1998) Television broadcast stations: 11

Internet Code : .hn

Transportation and Travel information on Honduras

Railways : Total: 700 kilometres

Roading : Total: 15,400 kilometres
paved roading: 3,120 kilometres
unpaved roading: 12,280 kilometres
Navigable Waterways : 460 kilometres

Commercial Harbours/Ports : Puerto La Ceiba, Puerto Castilla, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Puerto Tela, Puerto Lempira

Airports-Aerodromes : 115 (2002)

Military information on Honduras

Military groupings & departments : Army, Navy (including marines), Air Force

Military Spending: $USD35 million (Fiscal Year99)

International Issues Honduras

Disputes areas along the El Salvador border, (bolsones and other claims with Nicaragua.

Honduran Flag

Click here for the Flag of Honduras and its history, background information and facts.

Map of Honduras

Click here for the Map of Honduras and its history and facts.

History of Honduras

Click here for the History of Honduras and historical facts.

Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .


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Information on Honduras
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