Learn Spanish in Colombia
Learning Spanish in Colombia -Information.
Total immersion is a very important part of your learning Spanish strategy and one of the best ways to learn a new language.
At some point in your Spanish language learning strategy you should incorporate a solid period (2 months or more) of total immersion in a Spanish speaking environment.
It is most beneficial if combined with:
• a good grammar learning system,(see more information on the Grammar pages on this here website...)
• vocabulary learning system (if you aren't learning Spanish at 200 words a day you are using an outdated system of vocab building)
. . .take just a few days to bone up on the Spanish vocabulary before you launch off to Colombia!
• . . . and an onsite course with a good Spanish teacher.
For more information on how to learn Spanish in Colombia click on the link.
Learn Spanish in Colombia!
Information on Colombia
Colombia emerged from Gran Colombia in 1830 as one of three countries from that union, the other two being Ecuador and Venezuela.
Bogota continues to fight drug cartels and reassert governmental control throughout the country. Considerable unrest!
The locals call Colombia ‘Locombia’ - loco meaning crazy!
Geography information on Colombia
Geographical Position: Northern South America, by the Caribbean Sea, North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Latitude & Longitude: : 4 degrees 00 North, 72 degrees 00 West
Area: Total: 1,138,000 square kilometres
Land: 1,038,000 square kilometres
Water: 100,000 square kilometres
Land boundaries: Total: 6,000 kilometres
Neighbouring Countries: Brazil 1,640 kilometres, Ecuador 590 kilometres, Panama 224 kilometres, Peru 1,500 kilometres, Venezuela 2,050 kilometres
Coastline: 3,208 kilometres (Caribbean Sea 1,760 kilometres, North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)
Climate information on Colombia: tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Terrain: flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains
Elevation highs & lows:
lowest elevation: Pacific Ocean at sea level
highest elevation: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,775 metres
Pico Simon Bolivar is the same height.
Natural resources : petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel mining, gold mining, copper mining, emeralds, hydroelectric power.
cultivated land: 1% other: 96% (1998 estimate) cropping land: 1%
Irrigated land: 8,500 square kilometres (1998 estimate)
Natural hazards: highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts
Is the only South American country with coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea and North Pacific Ocean.
People information on Colombia Total Population:
41,600,000 (July 2003 estimate)
Age Distribution: under age 14 yrs: 31%
between 15 & 64 yrs: 63%
age 65+: 4%
Total: 25 years male: 24 years female: 26 years (2002)
Population rate growth: 1% (2003 estimate)
Birth rate: 21 births per thousand population (2003 estimate) Mortality rate: 5 deaths per thousand (2003 estimate)
Rate of Net Migration: -0 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)
Rate of Infant Mortality: Total: 22 deaths per thousand live births female: 18 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate) male: 26 deaths per thousand live births
Life Expectancy: Total population: 71 years male: 67 years female: 75 years (2003 estimate)
Name given to People: Colombian
Racial groupings: Mestizo 58%, European 20%, Mulatto 14%, Black/mixed black-Amerindian 7%, Amerindian 1%
Religious groupings: Roman Catholic 90%
Literacy: : definition: age 15 and over can read and write.
Total population: 92%
female: 92% (2003 estimate)
Government information on Colombia
Republic of Colombia - Republica de Colombia
System of Government :Republic
Capital City: Bogota
Independence: 20th July 1810National holiday: Date of Independence 20 July 1810.
Constitution: 5 July 1991
Legal & Law System: based on Spanish Civil law.
Voting System: 18 years of age; universal vote.
Head of State : The president is both the Head of state and of government.
Election system: President and VP elected 4 year term. Bicameral Congress
Economy information on Colombia
Unstable economy with an emphasis on basic materials and commodities.
GDP: - $USD268 billion (2002 estimate)
GDP growth rate: 2% (2002 estimate)
GDP per head of population: - $USD6,500 (2002 estimate)
GDP make-up by sector:
agriculture sector : 13%
industrial sector: 30%
service sector: 57% (2001 estimate)
Population below level of poverty: 55% (2001)
Household % income:
lowest 10%: 1%
highest 10%: 44% (1999)
Labour force: 18 million (1999 estimate)
Labour force - by occupation:
industry 24% (1990)
Unemployment rate: 17% (2002 estimate)
Budget Figures:revenues: $USD24 billion
expenditures: $USD25 billion
Industries: textiles, food processing, oil, clothing, textiles, apparel, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Exports: $USD12 billion (2002 estimate)
Exports - partners: US 43%, Andean Community of Nations 22%, EU 14%, (2001 estimate)
Imports : $USD12 billion (2002 estimate)
Imports - partners: US 35%, EU 16%, Andean Community of Nations 15%, Japan 5% (2001 estimate)
Debt - external: $USD38 billion (2002 estimate) Currency: Colombian peso (COP)
Currency code: COP
Communications information on Colombia
Telephones - main lines: 5.5 million (December 1997)
Radio Stations : AM 454, FM 34, shortwave 27
TV Stations : 60
Internet Code : .co
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 18 (2000)
Internet users: 1 million (2002)
Transportation information on Colombia
Railways : Total: 3,304 kilometres
Roading : Total: 110,000 kilometres paved roading: 26,000 kilometres unpaved roading: 84,000 kilometres (2000)
Navigable Waterways : 18,140 kilometres
Pipeline Distances : crude oil 3,585 kilometres; petroleum & petroleum by-products 1,350 kilometres; natural gas 830 kilometres; natural gas liquids 125 kilometres
Commercial Harbours/Ports : Bahia de Portete, Barranquilla, Buenaventura, Cartagena, Leticia, Puerto Bolivar, San Andres, Santa Marta, Tumaco, Turbo
Airports-Aerodromes : 1,050 (2002)
Military information on Colombia Military groupings & departments
: Army (Ejercito Nacional), Navy, Marines and Coast Guard, Air Force, Police Force
Military Spending - percent of GDP: 3% (FY01)
International Issues Colombia
Maritime disupte with Nicaragua.also with Venezuela in the Gulf of Venezuela;
Flag of Colombia
Click here for the Colombian Flag
and its history, information and facts.
Map of Colombia/h2>Click here for the Flag of Colombia and its history and facts.
History of Colombia
Click here for the History of Colombia
and historical facts.
Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .
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