Information on Paraguay. Lots of facts & figures.

Learn Spanish in Paraguay

Paraguay is an interesting place to learn Spanish, although there are not too many language schools there.

At some stage in your learning to speak Spanish strategy you should plan to incorporate a period of Total immersion. Exactly when is ideal is going to vary from individual to individual, but it is an important part of learning any new language, is especially beneficial if it is combined with:

  an accelerated Learn Spanish vocabulary system. Modern software based systems can teach you 200 Words a Day or more Spanish words and phrases, giving you the chance to quickly lay down a solid foundation of vocab.

. . .so in just a few days you can have a repertoire of over 1,000 of the most common words before you launch off! Such systems can also give you the tools to quickly bolster your vocab by teaching you the families of words that are similar in Spanish language and English.

  . . . and you need an onsite course somewhere with a good, human being as a teacher. PC programmes are great, but they are only one part of the mix. The bigger the mix, the more time you spend on the mix, the more effective will be your Spanish learning.

  a sound grammar learning system. Grammar learning is a longer-term part of the learning strategy, and needs a methodical, thorough approach with lots of practice on each facet of the grammar rules….( and exceptions)

For more information on how to learn Spanish in Paraguay click on the link.
Learn Spanish in Paraguay! Here are a few hundred fun facts for you to swat up on before you scoot off to Paraguay to learn Spanish, or practise your Spanish words and phrases with real Hispanics.

Information on Paraguay

During the 1865-1870 War of the Triple Alliance Paraguay lost 2/3rds of all adult males and much of its territory. It was economically stagnant for the next 50 years.

In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia.

Dictator Alfredo Stroessner ruled for 35 years but democracy was restored in 1989.

Geography information on Paraguay

Geographical Position: Central South America, northeast of Argentina.

Latitude & Longitude: : 23 deg 00 Sth, 58 deg 00 West.

Area – Paraguay:Total: 406,750 square kilometres
Water: 9,450 square kilometres
Land: 397,300 square kilometres

Land border lengths: Total: 3,920 kilometres
Neighbouring Countries: Argentina 1,880 kilometres, Bolivia 750 kilometres, Brazil 1,290 kilometres

Length of Coast: 0 kilometres

Climatic Characteristics: subtropical to temperate; reasonably high rainfall in the eastern regions, becoming semi-arid and dry in the westernmost parts of the country.

Terrain Features: Plains and hills east of the river Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco is mostly low, marshy plainlands near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere.

Elevation highs & lows: lowest elevation: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 metres.
highest elevation: Cerro Pero - Cerro Tres Kandu 841 metres.

Country’s Natural resources: hydroelectric power, lumber , iron ore, manganese mining, limestone.

Land use:
cultivated land: 5%
cropping land: 0%
other: 94% (1998 estimate)
Irrigated land: 670 square kilometres
(1998 estimate)
Natural geographical risks: flooding

Geography information: landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; the majority of the country's population concentrated in the southern parts.

People information

Population: 6 million (July 2003 estimate)
Age Distribution: under age 14 yrs: 38%
between 15 & 64 yrs: 56%
age 65+: 4%
Median age:
Total: 20 years male: 20 years
female: 21 years (2002)

Population rate growth: 2% (2003 estimate)

Birth Rate: 30 births per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Mortality Rate: 4 deaths per thousand (2003 estimate)

Rate of Net Migration: -0 migrant(s)per thousand population (2003 estimate)

Infant mortality rate Total: 27 deaths per thousand live births. female: 22 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate)
male: 32 deaths per thousand live births.

Life Expectancy: Total population: 74 yearsmale: 71 years
female: 77 years (2003 estimate)
Total fertility rate: 4 children born/woman (2003 estimate)

Name of people: Paraguayan

Racial groupings: Mestizo (mixed European/Spanish and Amerindian) 95%

Religions: Roman Catholic 90%

Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani (official)

Literacy: : definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 94% male: 94% female: 93% (2003 estimate)

Government information on Paraguay

Republica del Paraguay

System of Government : Constitutional Republic

Capital City: Asuncion

Independence: 14 May 1811

National holiday: Date of Independence 14 May 1811

Constitution: June 1992

Legal & Law System: : based on Argentine, Roman law and French codesVoting systemUniversal suffrage-vote for all citizens over 18 years of age.

Head of State : President - both the Head of State and head of government;Cabinet of country: Council of Ministers nominated by the president
Election system: President and VP elected for 5 year terms.

Economy information on Paraguay

Market economy with a large informal sector with re-export of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries and the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors.

High proportion of population relies on agriculture. Underdeveloped infrastructure.

Gross Domestic Product: - $USD25 billion (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product - real growth rate: -2% (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product - per capita: - $USD4,200 (2002 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product make-up by sector:
agriculture sector : 27%
industrial sector: 27%
service sector: 46% (2001)

Population below level of poverty: 36% (2001 estimate)
Household % income:
lowest 10%: below 1%
highest 10%: 43% (1998 estimates)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10% (2002 estimates)
Labour force: 2 million (2000 estimates)
Labour force - by occupation: agriculture sector 45%

Unemployment rate: 18% (2002 estimates)
Budget Figures:
revenues: $USD1 billion expenditures: $USD2 billion

Exports: $USD2 billion (2002 estimate)
Exports - partners: Brazil 38%, Uruguay 18%, Argentina 6% (2001)

Imports : $USD2 billion (2002 estimates)
Imports - commodities: road vehicles, consumer goods, processed foods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery

Import partners: Brazil 28%, Argentina 24%, Uruguay 3% (2001)

Currency: guarani (PYG)

Currency code: PYG

Communications information on Paraguay

Telephones: 300,000 (2001)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 46, FM 27, shortwave 6

Television broadcast stations: 4 (2001)

Internet Code : .py

Transport, Travel to Paraguay and tourism

Railways: Total: 440 kilometres

Roading : Total: 25,900 kilometres
paved roading: 3,100 kilometres
unpaved roading: 22,800 kilometres

Navigable Waterways : 3,100 kilometres
Commercial Harbours/Ports : Asuncion, Puerto Villeta, Puerto San Antonio, Puerto Encarnacion

Airports-Aerodromes : 880 (2002)

Military information

Military groupings & departments : Army, Navy (includes Naval Air and Marines), Air Force

Military Spending $USD125 million (Fiscal Year98) Military Spending - %age of Gross Domestic Product1% (Fiscal Year98)

International Issues Paraguay

Troublesome region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil border

Paraguayan Flag

Click here for the Flag of Paraguay and information & facts.

Map of the Republic

Click here for the Map of Paraguay.


Click here for the History of Paraguay and historical facts.

Info sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook .

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